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Criterion B in the alternative model involves assessments of personality traits that are grouped into five domains. A personality trait is a tendency to feel, perceive, behave, and think in relatively consistent ways across time and across situations in which the trait may manifest. For example, individuals with a high level of the personality trait of anxiousness would tend to feel anxious readily, including in circumstances in which most people would be calm and relaxed. Individuals high in trait anxiousness also would perceive situations to be anxiety-provoking more frequently than would individuals with lower levels of this trait, and those high in the trait would tend to behave so as to avoid situations that they think would make them anxious. They would thereby tend to think about the world as more anxiety provoking than other people.

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Table 2 Level of Personality Functioning Scale
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Table 3 Definitions of DSM-5 personality disorder trait domains and facets

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